South America: In Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador, the age of consent is 14, regardless of gender or sexual orientation. Paraguay, meanwhile, has set the age at 14 for heterosexual relations, but at 16 for homosexual sexual activity and has no age limit. In Chile, where the age of consent is 18, it is possible that two people aged 17 or younger who voluntarily have sex will be prosecuted for legal rape, although this is rare. The age of consent in Cambodia is 15 years, regardless of gender or sexual orientation.  The age of consent in this country is determined by Chapter 4 (Debauchery) Section 8 of the Anti-Abduction, Trafficking in Persons and Exploitation of Human Beings Act, which was specifically enacted to prohibit sexual relations with children under the age of 15. The law prohibits ”debauchery” with a child under the age of 15, and this term (the original Cambodian word is anacha) has been interpreted by the courts as prohibiting any form of sexual behavior (both consensual and non-consensual; both ”ordinary” and paid sex) with a child under the age of 15. It is the main legal tool used to prosecute foreigners who engage in child sex tourism in Cambodia.     The age of consent in Laos is 15 years, regardless of gender or sexual orientation.  Article 129 of the Lao Penal Code provides for a prison sentence of 1 to 5 years and a fine of 2 to 5 million kips.  Sexual activity outside of marriage is illegal in Afghanistan. The minimum age of marriage is 12 years for men and 13 years for women. The Japanese Penal Code (1907) sets a national age of consent of 13 years.  Section 176 (”Forced Indecency”) provides for a prison sentence of 6 months to 10 years for ”indecent acts” committed against men and women under the age of 13, and Section 177 (”Rape”) provides for a minimum penalty of 3 years for sexual intercourse with women under the age of 13.  In 2017, section 177 was amended to specify vaginal and oral sex and extended to all persons (men and women) under the age of 13. The change also increased the minimum prison sentence from 3 years to 5 years.  The age of sexual consent corresponds to Article 306 of the Jordanian Penal Code. Consensual sex is legal from the age of 16.  In mainland China, the age of consent for sexual activity is 14 years, regardless of gender or sexual orientation.  Chinese law defines rape as sex with a girl under the age of fourteen. A five-year prison sentence and a fine may be imposed if the girl acted as a prostitute under the age of 14.  In August 2015, the Underage Prostitutes Act was repealed. The Law on Legal Rape now also applies to the prostitution of minors.  Persons with special duties towards underage women who have reached the age of 14 will be held liable for rape if they force the victim to have sexual relations with them, taking advantage of their dominant position or the victim`s situation of powerlessness.  Any type of sexual activity outside of marriage is illegal in Saudi Arabia. In 2019, Saudi Arabia officially banned all marriages under the age of 18 for both men and women.  The pressure to ban child marriage was first fought by high-ranking clergy who argued that a woman reaches adulthood at puberty. However, the Saudi Shura Council had banned marriages under the age of 15 and required court approval for people under the age of 18.  According to the Child Protection Act, the Act contains a provision that states: ”Before entering into the marriage contract, it must be ensured that a person who marries before the age of 18 is not harmed, whether male or female.”  According to Article 279 of the Thai Penal Code, the age of consent in Thailand is 15 years, regardless of gender or sexual orientation. However, the follow-up legislation has added a number of additional reservations. The age of consent in Singapore is 16 years for all male and female sexual activities: ”Article 140: (1) Any person who – (…) (i) has a carnal association with a girl under the age of 16, except by marriage … – is guilty of a crime.  The age of consent in Germany is 14 years. Prosecution for legal rape (or the local equivalent) can result in a prison sentence of 6 months to 10 years. The age of consent in Germany is 14 if both partners are under 18. Sexual activity with a person under the age of 18 is punishable if the adult is a person who has authority over the minor in terms of education, upbringing, care or employment. The age of consent in the Philippines was 12, but after a public outcry, a proposal was passed last year to raise the age of consent to 16. The renamed article changed the wording from ”woman” to ”one person,” and the minimum prison sentence was also increased from three to five years. However, the age of consent was still left at 13. Although the age of consent is 15 years, the perpetrator can only be charged and prosecuted if a prosecution is brought with law enforcement. An exception to this law is when the victim`s age is less than 12 years of age or in certain circumstances such as assault or incest. In 2020, it was proposed to raise the age of consent after a scandal in Yantai City.   Japan`s Child Protection Law defines a child as any person under the age of 18. Section 34 of the Act prohibits anyone from causing a child to commit obscene acts. It also provides that it is illegal for an employer to send a child under the age of 15 to sell property to shops that operate gender-related businesses or to buildings where dating agencies are located. The law also prohibits women under the age of 16 and men under the age of 18 from marrying without parental consent. In 1892, marital rape and the subsequent death of a 10-year-old girl, Phulmoni Dasi, led to the age of consent of 10 to 12 years. In 1949, it was increased to 16 after groups of women became angry at the harmful effects of early pregnancy. [Citation needed].  On April 3, 2014, the Criminal Law Amendment Act 2013 came into force, raising the legally permissible age for sexual consent from 16 to 18. Although the 2013 Penal Code (Amendment) originally aimed to lower the age to 16, it was set at 18 due to political pressure from conservative parties.  § 375 states: A man must commit ”rape” if he (…) Sixth, with or without her consent if she is under eighteen years of age.  Hiranao Honda, 56, reportedly said he found it strange that he could be arrested if he had sex with a 14-year-old, even if there was consent, provided the age increases in the end. He apologized for the remarks before resigning from the party on Tuesday and as a lawmaker on Wednesday, and his political future is uncertain, even as the debate over whether to raise the minimum age for approval continues.
In the initial question, respondents were asked to what extent they agreed with concepts that have not yet been accepted in Japan: ”Raising the minimum age for sexual consent.” According to the source, the current legal age for consent in Japan is 13 years. Values cannot be summed up to 100% due to rounding by source. The report concludes by noting that various aspects, including the link with the age of criminal responsibility, should be further taken into account to ensure that sexual acts that should not be considered crimes do not fall within the scope of the penalty. The Committee also urged further discussion on how to treat young people who have reached the age of consent for sexual intercourse, but whose decision-making and judgment are still weak. Article 375 states that ”a man commits `rape` who, except in the case mentioned below, has sexual intercourse with a woman in circumstances covered by one of the following five descriptions. Fifthly. With or without her consent if she is under the age of 14.” Consensual sexual relations outside marriage are permitted by law for persons aged 21 and over.  When a married person has sexual relations with a person to whom he or she is not married, the person to whom he or she is married has the freedom under the Code of Criminal Procedure to lay charges of ”adultery” if he or she so wishes. They also have the freedom to drop charges after filing if they wish. However, these options would not be available after three months since the person learned of adultery.
Marriage should, of course, be recognized by the government so that the mentioned options can be made available. The Penal Code of Bangladesh considers the age of consent to be 14 years, but it is replaced by the above-mentioned law.  The marriageable age is 16 years. Before this age, marriage requires the approval of the Sharia Court of the State of Bahrain. . The minimum age for marriage without the permission of the girl`s father or guardian is 21.  Regardless of age, anyone who has sex with a person they know or has reason to believe they are the wife of another man without that man`s consent or acquiescence is guilty, which does not amount to the offence of rape.  The 2015 Criminal Code states that the age of consent in Vietnam is 16, regardless of gender or sexual orientation.  The group wrote on Twitter: ”On November 20, our group successfully submitted our petition and application form to raise the age of consent in Japan. 50% of young Japanese women have been harassed on a train, many are minors. And that`s exactly what was reported. An author of an article titled Japan`s ”Not-So-Secret Shame” reports that more than 95% of incidents of sexual violence in Japan go unreported. .